Early paper was called bagdatikos, meaning "from Baghdad", because it was introduced to the west mainly by this city.
Martand Sun Temple Central shrine, dedicated to the Essay on quaid-e-azam tomb Surya. Despite this, he had a profound impact on the imperial library and sought both Christian and pagan books Essay on quaid-e-azam tomb its collections.
The state archives were kept in a structure on the slope between the Roman Forum and the Capitoline Hill. In all recorded cases, the books were kept in a relatively small room where the staff went to get them for the readers, who had to consult them in an adjoining hall or covered walkway.
Tablet from the Library of Ashurbanipal containing part of the Epic of Gilgamesh The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing —the clay tablets Essay on quaid-e-azam tomb cuneiform script discovered in temple rooms in Sumer  some dating back to BC.
Public library James Silk Buckingham led the campaign for public libraries in the mid 19th century. In Byzantium, much of this work devoted to preserving Hellenistic thought in codex form was performed in scriptoriums by monks.
Others were victim of wars and religious strife in the Islamic world. Essay on quaid-e-azam tomb library The Lindisfarne Gospels is but one of the treasures made available in the British Museum upon its establishment in Catalogues were made, which appeared from to in 11 volumes.
Malatestiana Library of Cesenathe first European civic library  During the Late Antiquity and Middle Ages periods, there was no Rome of the kind that ruled the Mediterranean for centuries and spawned the culture that produced twenty-eight public libraries in the urbs Roma.
These were joined in by the Royal Library, assembled by various British monarchs. The 17th and 18th centuries include what is known as a golden age of libraries;  during this some of the more important libraries were founded in Europe. The stupa, which was later excavated, dates to CE.
This new institution was the first of a new kind of museum — national, belonging to neither church nor the king, freely open to the public and aiming to collect everything.
Christianity was a new force in Europe and many of the faithful saw Hellenistic culture as pagan. By the late s most Kashmiris had accepted Islam. Seneca inveighed against libraries fitted out for show by illiterate owners who scarcely read their titles in the course of a lifetime, but displayed the scrolls in bookcases armaria of citrus wood inlaid with ivory that ran right to the ceiling: All the three men were granted Jagirs feudatory estates by the King.
Additionally, there was quite a bit of censoring within libraries of the time; many works that were "scientific and metaphysical" were not included in the majority of libraries during that time period. The buildings were topped with domes, and comprised an upper and a lower story with a total, according to the chief official, of rooms As its unofficial librarian, Cassiodorus not only collected as many manuscripts as he could, he also wrote treatises aimed at instructing his monks in the proper uses of reading and methods for copying texts accurately.
Many proprietors pandered to the most fashionable clientele, making much ado about the sort of shop they offered, the lush interiors, plenty of room and long hours of service.
The colophons stated the series name, the title of the tablet, and any extra information the scribe needed to indicate. The collections increased steadily by purchase and gift to the outbreak of the French Revolutionat which time it was in grave danger of partial or total destruction, but owing to the activities of Antoine-Augustin Renouard and Joseph Van Praet it suffered no injury.
However, they keep many valuable manuscripts of Greek, Latin, and Biblical works. Instead of being available to the elite of society, such as caliphs and princes, information was something that was offered to everyone. Unfortunately, due to limited to bookshelf space, once more tablets were added to the library, older ones were removed, which is why some tablets are missing from the excavated cities in Mesopotamia.
Libraries were filled with parchment scrolls as at Library of Pergamum and on papyrus scrolls as at Alexandria: All subsequent Roman public libraries will have this design.
Cassiodorusminister to Theodoric, established a monastery at Vivarium in the toe of Italy modern Calabria with a library where he attempted to bring Greek learning to Latin readers and preserve texts both sacred and secular for future generations.
One of the first plans for a national library was devised by the Welsh mathematician John Deewho in presented Mary I of England with a visionary plan for the preservation of old books, manuscripts and records and the founding of a national library, but his proposal was not taken up.
As such, many classical Greek works, written on scrolls, were left to decay as only Christian texts were thought fit for preservation in a codex, the progenitor of the modern book.
Reading room of the Laurentian Library From the 15th century in central and northern Italy, libraries of humanists and their enlightened patrons provided a nucleus around which an " academy " of scholars congregated in each Italian city of consequence.
The 18th century saw the switch from closed parochial libraries to lending libraries. It was the first to employ an architectural design that separated works into Greek and Latin.Etymology.
The Sanskrit word for Kashmir was káśmīra. The Nilamata Purana describes the Valley's origin from the waters, a lake called Sati-saras.
A popular, but uncertain, local etymology of Kashmira is that it is land desiccated from water. An alternative, but also uncertain, etymology derives the name from the name of the sage Kashyapa who is. killarney10mile.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
The Library of Alexandria, in Egypt, was the largest and most significant great library of the ancient world.
It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty and functioned as a major center of scholarship from its construction in the 3rd century BC until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The library was conceived and opened .Download