Urdu the origin and history of the language essay

In fact volume eight is named The Maratha Supremacy. Hindustani was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian.

Urdu words originating from Chagatai and Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are Persianized versions of the original words. It is distinct by its mixture of vocabulary from Marathi and Konkanias well as some vocabulary from ArabicPersian and Chagatai that are not found in the standard dialect of Urdu.

Now Urdu became popular and replaced Persian as the language of the educated masses. So his poems in Urdu cemented the thought in the sub-continent Muslim mind that Urdu and Islam in India were synonymous.

Muhammad Nazir of Agra to was a remarkable Urdu poet who composed his poems on Persian themes but also all sorts of subjects relating to Indian life in a language that was not very Personalized, which is also the language of the Hindus.

Dayanand wrote all his works in Hindi or Sanskrit.

At some time during the 18th century got together whatever remained of these poems and compiled them into the Granth of the 10th master or the Dasham Granth. The language continued to be in a fluid state.

Two of these are in Hindi while the third is in Punjabi. No single organization could claim to have as many schools for boys and girls as the Samaj. This difference becomes clearly manifest from the fact that the Perso-Arabian script was used in the Deccan, in writing from almost the beginning.

The Aligarh Movement by Sir Syed Ahmad gave rise to modern Urdu literature at the beginning of the fourth quarter of the 19th century. The Aligarh movement made the Muslims more and more conscious of their Islamic rather than their Indian heritage and instilled in them the concept of Pan-Islamicism.

It is used in educationliteratureoffice and court business. This variation of Urdu is sometimes referred to as Pakistani Urdu. One of the ways was to take the local dialect Hindi and marry it with a strong Persian read Islamic influence.

A new hybrid language half Hindi half Urdu named Hindustani was sought to be created, which the Congress accepted in place of Hindi. It is absorbing many words from the regional languages of Pakistan. I maintain that Sir Syed Ahmad gave birth to the Pan-Islamic movement in India, the Khilafat Movement by Gandhi united the Indian Muslims like never before and lastly Muhammad Iqbal with his poetry cemented the concept in the minds and hearts of the sub-continent Muslim.

The bottom-line that Indian Muslims derive strength, a sense of identity with Islam by the use of Urdu. The significance of Urdu as a national symbol was downplayed by these disputes when English and Bengali were also accepted as official languages in East Pakistan now Bangladesh.

Analysis The chapter is presented in three parts. Another was Mirza Muhhammad Rafi Sauda to who is considered as the greatest quasida and satire writer of Urdu. His two longer poems Shikwa complaint and Jawab-I-Shikwah Reply to the Complaint are looked upon as the Mein Kampf of Muslim revivalists in India who were for separation from India in both spirit and political rehabilitation.

Despite this, Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the other.

However, it continued to retain till the end of the 17th century, a good deal of Indian vocabulary. Several languages and dialects spoken throughout the regions of Pakistan produced an imminent need for a uniting language.

Most of the nearly five million Afghan refugees of different ethnic origins such as PashtunTajikUzbekHazarviand Turkmen who stayed in Pakistan for over twenty-five years have also become fluent in Urdu.

Lucknow and Rampur became the centers of Urdu literature in the 19th century. Analysis to Proto-Urdu Just to give you a perspective Mughal rule began with Babar in but started moving Southwards after the death of Islamic zealot, puritan Aurangzeb in When the British came to India they realized the need to communicate in Urdu, which is why they set up a Urdu center at the Fort William College Calcutta to teach British employees the language.

There are millions of Pakistanis whose native language is not Urdu, but because they have studied in Urdu medium schools, they can read and write Urdu along with their native language. The rules of grammar and spelling were not cared for, Urdu poets also did bother about Radif and Wafiyas as the Arabic and Persian pets did.

Because Urdu was the symbol of Islamic identity in Northern India, it was selected as the national language for Pakistan. In order to rejuvenate them the Islamic influence had to be reinforced.

The Urdu poets thought and wrote in terms of Persian poetry, the references were things, events and ideas of Persia and Arabia. The Urdu press flourished during this period and the majority of the Hindu organs of North India at the beginning of were edited by Hindus.

Look at any conflict in the world involving Islam, does one associate rationalism with it. Other sister languages modeled on the Persian tradition are Punjabi, Pushtu, Sindhi, Baluchi and Kashmiri, all of which use the Persian script. They had got demoralized because of that.Jun 26,  · There are Turkic origin words in Urdu as well, but the Turkic influence on the language is actually negligible (24 words in total), and not what one might guess based the Turkic origin of the name of the language itself.

History and Evolution of Urdu Language Evolution and development of any language is dependent on the evolution and development of a society where that language is spoken. Various invasions and conquests on a place affect the development of its language.

An earlier essay titled Aligarh Movement read “Another development during this period was the emergence of Urdu as a literary language during the period to ”.

Where did Urdu spring from? The objective of this article is to trace the origins of Urdu and its development in Bharat starting with advent of Mughal rule (Persian-Arabic-Turkish. Urdu - The Origin and History of the Language Published on February 17 by killarney10mile.com The term 'Urdu' and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army.

History of Urdu A couple of weeks ago, there was a very interesting article in the Economic Times that gave the break up of languages spoken by the people of Pakistan. Interestingly 48 % of the population speaks Punjabi while Urdu is spoken by only 8 %.

I always thought that Urdu was the language of sub continent Muslims. The term 'Urdu' and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans.

Urdu the origin and history of the language essay
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