The fronts in the east also gradually locked into place. Having retreated some 45 miles in a matter of days in mid-September, the German army showed the value of trenches as defensive positions at the Battle of the Aisne.
The "Race to the Sea" which occurred during along the Western Front led to both sides being fully entrenched and stalemated until The von Schlieffen plan failed precisely because Germany wished to insure its success - by committing most of its troops to the East, it could hope to defeat Russia.
In the south, Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia. Luxembourg had been occupied without opposition on 2 August. Although the German army bypassed Antwerp, it remained a threat to their flank. The Western and Eastern Fronts The first month of combat consisted of bold attacks and rapid troop movements on both fronts.
Canadian troops on the right drew back their left flank and halted the German advance. This led to the stalemate on the Western Front that lasted for about three years.
Germany, under the Treaty of Versailles, was severely punished with hefty economic reparations, territorial losses, and strict limits on its rights to develop militarily. A deadly outbreak of influenza, meanwhile, took heavy tolls on soldiers of both sides.
Part of the reason the stalemate occurred in the West and not the East was as it was again in World War II because France was not the objective -- Russia was. Aircraft were already in use for scouting and on 1 April, the French pilot Roland Garros became the first to shoot down an enemy aircraft by using a machine-gun that shot forward through the propeller blades.
Stalemate in World War I was not inevitable, but it was probable given the mix of military systems available and the state of military doctrine at the outbreak of the war. First Battle of Ypres From 19 October until 22 November, the German forces made their final breakthrough attempt of during the First Battle of Ypreswhich ended in a mutually-costly stalemate.
Though primarily a powerful irritant, it can asphyxiate in high concentrations or prolonged exposure. Telephones were used but the wires were easily cut by artillery and often units were reduced to using runners, which caused a delay of hours if the message got through at all.
Countermeasures also improved and the stalemate continued. But the German High Command feared that committing troops Westward would slow down the main thrust to Russia. The End of the War and Armistice Although both sides launched renewed offensives in in an all-or-nothing effort to win the war, both efforts failed.
The Germans expected this would take just six weeks to achieve, but in reality resistance from the Belgian and French armies slowed the German advance. The main French assault was launched on 25 September and, at first, made good progress in spite of surviving wire entanglements and machine gun posts.
By scaling back, the offensive into France failed, and the Front became defensive on both sides until later in the war. These reconnaissance planes were used to direct gunnery and photograph enemy fortifications but now the Allies were nearly blinded by German fighters.
By 15 May the advance had been stopped, although the fighting continued until 18 June.
Rather than relying on a heavily fortified front line, the defence was to be arranged in a series of echelons. In consequence of this, the Germans developed one of the most elaborate defensive systems in history while they proceeded to try to knock Russia out of the war.
From the coast in the north, the primary forces were from Belgium, the British Empire and then France. Soldiers fought from dug-in positions, striking at each other with machine guns, heavy artillery, and chemical weapons.
Eventually, the governments of both Germany and Austria-Hungary began to lose control as both countries experienced multiple mutinies from within their military structures.The reasons for stalemate on the Western Front?WW1 started as a war of quick lightning thrusts and high mobility, but degenerated into an astonishingly protracted war of static battle lines.
The Western Front was the name given to the line of trenches /5(1). The conventional explanation for why the Western Front in World War I settled into a stalemate is that the power of defensive weapons was stronger than the offensive methods employed.
WORLD WAR 1. WAR ON THE WESTERN FRONT 1A: The reasons for the Stalemate on the Western Front The Western Frontà Belgium coast through Northern France to. Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front during World War One?
Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front? A stalemate developed on the Western Front for four main reasons, one being that the Schlieffen plan failed, another reason was that the French were unable to defeat the Germans completely at the Battle of the Marne.
Western Front; Part of World War I: Mark II "female" tank advancing with Canadian infantry at Battle of Vimy Ridge, for reasons of strategy and national pride and thus trap the French. Notes Footnotes.
References. A short summary of History SparkNotes's World War I (–). This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of World War I (–).Download